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100 Mile House
—  District Municipality  —
108 Heritage Site
Motto: "Centum Salutationes"
100 Mile House Location of 100 Mile House in British Columbia
Coordinates: 51°38′31″N 121°17′50″WCoordinates51°38′31″N 121°17′50″W
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Region South Cariboo
Regional District Cariboo Regional District
Founded 1862
Incorporated 1965
Government
 • Mayor Mitch Campsall
Area
 • Total 53.29 km2 (20.58 sq mi)
Elevation 927 m (3,041 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,886
• Density 35.4/km2 (92/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Highways Highway 97
Waterways Bridge Creek

100 Mile House is a town and district municipality located in the South Cariboo region of central British ColumbiaCanada.

HistoryEdit

100 Mile House was originally known as Bridge Creek House, named after the creek running through the area. Its origins as a settlement go back to the time when Thomas Miller owned a collection of ramshackle buildings serving the traffic of the gold rush as a resting point for travellers moving between Kamloops and Fort Alexandria, which was 98 miles (158 km) north of 100 Mile House farther along the HBC Brigade Trail. It acquired its current name during the Cariboo Gold Rush where a roadhouse was constructed in 1862 at the 100 miles (160 km) mark up the Old Cariboo Road from Lillooet.

In 1930, Lord Martin Cecil left England to come to 100 Mile House and manage the estate owned by his father, the 5th Marquess of Exeter. The estate's train stop on the Pacific Great Eastern (now CNR) railway is to the west of town and called Exeter. The town, which at the time consisted of the roadhouse, a general store, a post office, telegraph office and a power plant, had a population of 12. The original road house burned down in 1937.

Economy

At present, 100 Mile House is the primary service centre for the South Cariboo and has a population of approximately 2,000. The service area has a population roughly ten times the size of the town. It includes the communities of Lac La Hache, Forest Grove, Lone Butte, Horse Lake, Bridge Lake, 70 Mile House, Canim Lake, and 108 Mile Ranch, and is the largest residential centre between Kamloops and Williams Lake.

The primary industries of 100 Mile House are forestry and ranching. Log home building and tourism are also an important part of the community.

Tourism

100 Mile House is a centre for outdoor activities and is becoming increasingly known for its richness of bird life. The surrounding area features many lakes for boating and fishing including Lac La Hache, Canim Lake, Horse Lake, Green Lake, and Bridge Lake. The Cariboo ski marathon attracts a large and international field of cross-country (Nordic) skiers.

The surrounding communities offer varies activities for residents and visiting tourists. Several Rodeos throughout the area are attracting visitors from far away and the extensive trail system invites trail riders from all over the province.

Location


  • North of 100 Mile House is Lac La Hache (26 km), 150 Mile House (77 km), Williams Lake (91 km), and McLeese Lake (135 km).
  • Also located north of 100 Mile House is Quesnel (210 km) and Prince George (329 km).
  • South-East of 100 Mile House is the Interlakes area and Bridge Lake (56 km).
  • South of the town is 70 Mile House (40 km), Clinton (72 km), Cache Creek (112 km), Spences Bridge (159 km), and Vancouver (456 km).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for 100 Mile House

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
13.5
(56.3)
21.0
(69.8)
30.0
(86.0)
34.5
(94.1)
34.5
(94.1)
35.5
(95.9)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
29.0
(84.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
36
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
1.6
(34.9)
6.6
(43.9)
12.0
(53.6)
16.6
(61.9)
20.0
(68.0)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
11.2
(52.2)
2.2
(36.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
10.7
(51.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.2
(32.4)
5.0
(41.0)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55.0)
15.2
(59.4)
14.8
(58.6)
10.4
(50.7)
4.8
(40.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.7
(18.1)
4.2
(39.6)
Average low °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−10.1
(13.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.0
(35.6)
5.6
(42.1)
7.4
(45.3)
6.5
(43.7)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
−12.5
(9.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
Record low °C (°F) −44.5
(−48.1)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−15
(5)
−9
(15.8)
−4
(24.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−6
(21.2)
−10
(14.0)
−32
(−25.6)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−48
(−54.4)
−48
(−54.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.1
(1.5)
23.4
(0.921)
16.6
(0.654)
23.6
(0.929)
40.9
(1.61)
56.6
(2.228)
59.7
(2.35)
45.4
(1.787)
33.8
(1.331)
29.2
(1.15)
39.2
(1.543)
46.9
(1.846)
453.3
(17.846)
Source: Environment Canada


SourcesEdit

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/100_Mile_House,_British_Columbia

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